With rapid urban construction and full use of resources, safety protection has become a major foundation for construction. Fire safety protection has also increased, and the management of fire equipment will be a major line of defense for life safety. How will RFID technology build a security protection in the field of fire protection?
With the introduction of smart cities, fire protection will also enter the intelligent construction. Intelligent fire protection is also on the new agenda. Intelligent fire protection is based on a variety of advanced technologies such as the Internet of Things, virtualization, and geospatial services. It realizes the dynamic collection of fire protection professional data, real-time monitoring and dispatching of fire fighting and rescue forces such as fire equipment and emergency rescue equipment, and the fire protection facilities of key units Real-time inspection, real-time inspection of key parts images and fire rescue plans.
The application of the Internet of Things technology in the field of fire protection, including the application of fire alarm systems, electrical fire monitoring systems, hydrant monitoring systems, fire emergency evacuation systems, fire supervision and inspection operations, and fire daily management Application, fire inspection.
Fire IoT is based on radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart sensing technology. Each fire-fighting facility that needs to be monitored is affixed with an RFID electronic tag, and the RFID object is used to automatically identify the target object and obtain object information.
Use intelligent sensing technology to achieve online monitoring of fire protection facilities that need to be monitored. This intelligent sensing technology uses sensing technology, single-chip microcomputer technology, and communication technology to realize real-time sensing and detection of the space environment and monitored objects through micro-sensors, and access to the network so that personnel at all levels of fire protection can monitor the operation of equipment in real time.
The fire IoT can be divided into three layers: perception layer, network layer and application layer.
The sensing layer is used to identify objects and collect information. The equipment on this layer includes: RFID electronic tags, cameras, miniature sensors, etc. The conventional sensor is only a unidirectional device, which can only convert the changes perceived by the device into electrical signals and input them to the controller. The sensor in the Internet of Things not only has the above functions, but also has the function of receiving commands and completing signal transmission tasks. It is an intelligent sensor and an “electronic tag” in the entire Internet of Things system.
The network layer belongs to the information transmission and processing center, and can connect and transmit information between the perception layer and the application layer.
The application layer is the main reflection of the different applications of IoT users. It combines the industry’s needs and the “social division of labor” of the IoT, thereby making the industry intelligent.
RFID technology will make daily fire management more effective and concise. The RFID smart sensor on the fire-fighting facilities transmits the working conditions of the fire-fighting facilities in real time, timely understands the operation of the fire-fighting equipment, and timely checks for fire hazards. In the daily inspection, the inspectors can collect data from the inspection points by configuring the RFID radio frequency identification equipment terminal, and understand the operation of the fire-fighting equipment in real time.